6 уроков, которые нужно извлечь из воров, распятых с Иисусом

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В ту первую Страстную пятницу на Голгофе стояли три креста. Иисус висел на среднем кресте, желая понести заслуженное нами наказание. На других крестах висели два вора, приговоренные к смерти за свои собственные преступления. Три креста и три человека. Двое нуждались в спасении. Только один мог это дать.

Мы не часто созерцаем людей, распятых с Иисусом – преступников справа и слева от Иисуса. В конце концов, их осуждение было справедливым. Хотя Библия мало что говорит нам о них, мы можем учиться у них.

Слова, которые Писание использует для описания этих людей, дают нам некоторое представление о том, кем они были и почему они были распяты. Два разных греческих слова, используемых в Евангелиях для их описания, можно перевести как воры, грабители, преступники, злоумышленники, революционеры и мятежники. Греческое слово, используемое Матфеем и Марком, включает в себя идею “грабежа насилием”. И выбор слова у Луки предполагает человека, который является “злодеем”.

Эти двое мужчин были жестокими, закоренелыми преступниками, которых Рим считал угрозой своему контролю. Казнь через распятие послужила трезвым сдерживающим фактором для подобного поведения со стороны других. Римские граждане и высшие классы обычно были избавлены от этой жестокой и мучительной формы суда. Но Рим свободно использовал это с рабами, низшими классами, и особенно с теми, кого считали угрозой римскому правлению или общественному порядку.

Высокомерные и смиренные
Во всех четырех Евангелиях упоминаются воры, но Матфей, Марк и Иоанн только говорят нам, что они были распяты вместе с Иисусом. Только Лука описывает взаимодействие между преступниками и Иисусом (см. от Луки 23:32-43). Поскольку мы не знаем их имен, мы будем называть их “Высокомерными” и “смиренными”, чтобы они были честными. По закону Высокомерные и смиренные заслужили свою судьбу. Их грех принес им как жестокую физическую смерть, так и вечное духовное наказание.
Иисус не заслужил наказания, которое они получили, но Он висел среди них. Точно так, как предсказал пророк Исайя. Точно так, как задумал Отец.

Исаия 53: 12 Поэтому Я разделю ему часть со многими, и он разделит добычу с сильными, потому что он предал свою душу на смерть и был причислен к преступникам; однако он понес грех многих и ходатайствует за преступников.
Высокомерные и смиренные были жестокими людьми, которые жили, чтобы красть, убивать и разрушать. Их жизни способствовали целям сатаны. Напротив, Иисус пришел, чтобы обеспечить полную и изобильную жизнь тем, кто ее получит.

Иоанна 10:9-10 Я есмь дверь. Если кто-нибудь войдет через Меня, он будет спасен, войдет и выйдет и найдет пастбище. Вор приходит только для того, чтобы украсть, убить и уничтожить. Я пришел, чтобы они могли иметь жизнь, и иметь ее с избытком.
Предложение Иисуса ворам… И нам
Иисус предложил изобильную жизнь всем – даже высокомерным и смиренным. Но Высокомерный грубо отверг это. Его ответ отразил толпу, солдат и еврейских лидеров, собравшихся у подножия креста Иисуса. Как и они, он страдал духовной слепотой. Он не смог увидеть правду, которая висела перед ним.

Но Смиренный с радостью и милостью принял жизнь, предложенную Иисусом. Он признал свой грех, признал силу и власть Иисуса и попросил Иисуса принять его как гражданина Своего царства.

Иисус проявил милость и благодать к этому смиренному, раскаявшемуся вору. Иисус пообещал Смиренному, что после его физической смерти он будет принят в “Рай”, место вечного обитания праведников. Этот жестокий, злобный преступник стал чистым и обновленным во Христе (Хотите быть готовым рассказать другим об Иисусе?
6 уроков, которые нужно извлечь из распятых воров

  1. Мы все заслуживаем вечной смерти – как высокомерные и смиренные, каждый человек, который когда-либо жил, является грешником.

Никто не праведен, нет, ни один; никто не понимает; никто не ищет Бога. (Римлянам 3: 10-11 ESV)

Независимо от того, как общество оценивает тяжесть нашего греха, по сравнению со святостью Бога, все мы жестокие, закоренелые преступники. Наш грех заслужил смертную казнь.

Ибо возмездие за грех – смерть. (Римлянам 6:23 a ESV)

  1. Мы ничего не можем сделать, чтобы спасти себя – смиренный вор был надежно пригвожден к кресту. Он ничего не мог сделать. Он не мог пройти по проходу, или креститься, или присоединиться к церкви, или совершать добрые дела. Все, что он мог сделать, это принять дар Иисуса вечной жизни. Смиренный пришел с пустыми руками и раскаявшимся и верующим сердцем.
  2. Иисус умер за каждого грешника – два преступника представляют худшее из человечества. Эти злые люди насильно брали то, что хотели. Никто, каким бы тяжким ни был его грех, не находится вне благодати Иисуса. Он добровольно принял самую жестокую смерть, чтобы покрыть самые ужасные грехи.

Но Бог демонстрирует свою любовь к нам в этом: когда мы были еще грешниками, Христос умер за нас. (Римлянам 5:8 NIV)

  1. Только Иисус может спасти– Высокомерный вор насмешливо попросил Иисуса доказать Свое царство, спасая Себя и двух разбойников (Луки 23:39). Иисус мог бы легко призвать ангелов прийти к Нему на помощь (Матфея 26: 53-54). Но, спасая Себя, человечество не имело бы надежды на вечность. Только оставаясь на кресте, Иисус мог обеспечить спасение. Он был идеальной заместительной жертвой. Его смерть оплатила наш греховный долг. Вот почему Иисус – единственный путь спасения.

И ни в ком другом нет спасения; ибо нет другого имени под небом, данного среди людей, которым мы должны быть спасены. (Деяния 4:12 ESV)

  1. Нейтралитет не вариант – есть только два вечных назначения – жизнь с Иисусом на небесах или вечный суд в аду. Мы не можем сидеть сложа руки. Не выбрать Иисуса – значит отвергнуть Его. Каждый выберет. И этот выбор определяет нашу вечность. Скромный вор выбрал Иисуса и жизнь. Высокомерный вор отверг Иисуса, тем самым выбрав вечное осуждение.

Тот, кто верит в Него, не осужден, но тот, кто не верит, уже осужден, потому что они не уверовали во имя единственного и неповторимого Сына Божьего. (Иоанна 3: 18 NIV)

  1. Иисус принимает смиренную веру – смиренный вор признал свой грех. Он поверил свидетельству об Иисусе. Иисус был “Царем Иудейским” (Луки 23:38), долгожданным Мессией. Смиренный знал, что Царство Иисуса было духовным и вечным, не от мира сего (Иоанна 18:36). И Смиренный доверил Иисусу его вечность.

Иисус, вспомни Меня, когда войдешь в свое Царство. (Луки 23:42 ESV)

Иисус подтвердил надежду Хамбла.

Истинно говорю вам, сегодня вы будете со мной в раю. (Луки 23:43 ESV)

Высокомерные и смиренные жили похожими жизнями на этой земле, но их вечные жизни очень разные. Даже сейчас они испытывают результаты своего последнего выбора. Высокомерные отвергли Иисуса, тем самым выбрав вечное осуждение. Смиренный поверил в Иисуса и получил вечную жизнь. Их выбор – это выбор каждого человека. Что вы будете делать с Иисусом?

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